US Long-Term Ecological Research Network

North Temperate Lakes LTER: Macrophyte Biomass - Trout Lake 1983 - current

Abstract
These data are collected to document and characterize the submersed macrophytes of Trout Lake and to evaluate their long-term dynamics and interactions with other compartments of the ecosystem. Four sites along the shoreline of Trout Lake have been sampled annually in August along permanent line transects. This dataset includes biomass per m^2 for individual species at three depths along the transect. These data are useful in determining the annual variability of the submersed macrophytes and providing information on the effects of the invasion of an introduced crayfish. Sampling Frequency: annually during summer Number of sites: 4
Core Areas
Dataset ID
21
Date Range
-
Maintenance
ongoing
Metadata Provider
Methods
Sites are designated according to the NTL numbering scheme established for the shoreline of the south basin of Trout Lake and its islands. The four sites (Trout-07, 46.01809769, -89.65571661; Trout-31, 46.0430698, -89.67157974; Trout-50, 46.01729465, -89.69461296; Trout-56, 46.01921135, -89.6813004) used by the macrophyte component are also used in the NTL fish and crayfish sampling. Five replicate quadrats (0.25 M2) are harvested for all above ground biomass at each site at each of three nominal depths: 1.5 M, 2.5 M and 4 M. Samples are removed along a line parallel to shore - located midway between sites for cover estimates. Four sites with 3 depths and 5 replicates yields 60 samples. In the lab, samples are separated by species and are dried and weighed. From 1989 to 2008 plants were placed in labeled paper bags oven dried, and weights recorded. Biomass weights were determined by weighing dried plants in paper bags and using an average tare for the bags. Consequently, values in the data base can be negative and should be considered as present in very small amounts.
Pre-1987 Data. In 1987, permanent line transects were established at each of the sites. Biomass samples and line transects observed before 1987 were set by more general descriptions at the site and were not identical year to year.
Publication Date
Short Name
NTLMP01
Version Number
26

Landscape Position Project at North Temperate Lakes LTER: Aquatic Macrophytesn 1998 - 1999

Abstract
Submersed and floating macrophytes were surveyed along transects running perpendicular to shore at two sites representative of muck (organic) and sand substrate macrophyte communities. Data were collected by Karen A. Wilson as part of her PhD work in Northern Wisconsin, (Vilas and Onieda Counties) during July and August of 1998 and 1999. Details of field collections can be found in Wilson, K.A. 2002. Impacts of the invasive rusty crayfish (Orconectes rusticus) in northern Wisconsin lakes. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Wisconsin, Madison. Number of sites: 30 lakes; 2 sites per lake
Core Areas
Creator
Dataset ID
109
Date Range
-
LTER Keywords
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
Details of field collections can be found in Wilson, K.A. 2002. Impacts of the invasive rusty crayfish (Orconectes rusticus) in northern Wisconsin lakes. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Short Name
LPPMACR
Version Number
7

Biocomplexity at North Temperate Lakes LTER; Whole Lake Manipulations: Aquatic Macrophytes 2001 - 2010

Abstract
Macrophyte surveys were conducted on Sparkling Lake, Vilas County, Wisconsin in mid-July of the years 2001 to 2004 and 2007 to 2009. Eight sites were chosen that corresponded to trap survey sites for rusty crayfish and represented the range of macrophyte communities in the lake. At each site, we swam a transect perpendicular to shore from 0 to 4 m depths. A tape measure extended from shore to the 4 m depth contour, and buoys were placed at the 1, 2, 3, and 4 m depth contours. Quadrats were placed along each transect at 1 m intervals. We visually estimated the percent cover of each macrophyte species within a 0.24 meter squared quadrat. Transect: corresponds to trap survey site number. Quadrat: occur at 1 m intervals starting from shore (0) and going until you reach the 4 m depth contour (highest number). Substrate: substrate within the quadrat categorized as muck, sand, gravel, cobble, logs, leaves, or any combination of these. Abundance: percent cover of each species within the quadrat determined by visual estimation. The percent covers of all species within a quadrat do NOT necessarily add to 100. Depth Interval: depth interval that each quadrat was in. Quadrats between 0 and 1 m deep are in depth interval 1, those between 1 and 2 m deep are in depth interval 2, etc. Number of sites: 8 Sampling Frequency: annually during summer
Core Areas
Dataset ID
216
Date Range
-
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
Macrophyte surveys were conducted on Sparkling Lake, Vilas County, Wisconsin in mid-July of the years 2001 to 2009. Eight sites were chosen that corresponded to trap survey sites for rusty crayfish and represented the range of macrophyte communities in the lake. These sites corresponded to trap survey sites 1, 4, 10, 16, 20, 23, 27, and 35. At each site, we swam a transect perpendicular to shore from 0 to 4 m depths. A tape measure extended from shore to the 4 m depth contour, and buoys were placed at the 1, 2, 3, and 4 m depth contours. We visually estimated the percent cover of each macrophyte species within a 0.24 meter squared quadrat. Quadrats were placed along each transect at 1 m intervals. Thus, we used fewer quadrats on transects with a steeper slope. At site 23, we only found a macrophyte on one event: Vallisneria sp. in 2004.Transect: corresponds to trap survey site number.Quadrat: occur at 1 m intervals starting from shore (0) and going until you reach the 4 m depth contour (highest number).Substrate: substrate within the quadrat categorized as muck, sand, gravel, cobble, logs, leaves, or any combination of these.Abundance: percent cover of each species within the quadrat determined by visual estimation. The percent covers of all species within a quadrat do NOT necessarily add to 100.Depth Interval: depth interval that each quadrat was in. Quadrats between 0 and 1 m deep are in depth interval 1, those between 1 and 2 m deep are in depth interval 2, etc.
Short Name
BIOSPMAC1
Version Number
8

Biocomplexity at North Temperate Lakes LTER; Coordinated Field Studies: Littoral Macrophytes 2001 - 2004

Abstract
The aquatic vegetation of 60 lakes selected for the "cross-lake comparison" segment of the Biocomplexity Project was surveyed during the month of August in years 2001 through 2004. The study lakes are located in Vilas County, Wisconsin and were chosen to represent a range of positions on gradients of both human development and landscape position. The purpose of the macrophyte portion of the "cross-lake comparison" study was to evaluate the roles of landscape position and human development in the presence and composition of macrophyte communities.
Core Areas
Dataset ID
127
Date Range
-
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
The macrophyte surveys were performed at eight sites within each of the 60 lakes. The sites were chosen by randomly selecting two 50m segments of shoreline per compass quadrant of each lake. At each site, we examined the macrophytes to a depth of 2m along a 50 m long transect perpendicular to the shoreline, beginning at the center point of the 50m segment of shoreline selected for the site. Within a ? m2 quadrat at every meter mark, we noted the species present, the dominant species, the substrate composition and the total percent vegetation cover. If a depth of 2 m was reached before 20 quadrats were measured, a second transect was performed 25 m to the right of the initial point. The distances from shore at 1 m depth and 2 m depth were also recorded on each transect for an estimate of slope. Sampling Frequency: each site sampled once Number of sites: 60 Vilas County lakes were sampled from 2001-2004 (approximately 15 different lakes each year).At each site, we examined the littoral vegetation along a transect perpendicular to the shoreline. Within a 0.25 m2 quadrat at every meter mark, we recorded the total percent vegetation cover, dominant species and all species present to a water depth of 2 meters or 50 meters from shore. If a depth of 2 m was reached before 20 quadrats were measured, a second transect was performed 25 m to the right of the initial point. These observations were averaged to calculate percent total cover of vegetation in the littoral zone per lake (Marburg et al. 2005). The percent cover was transformed using arcsine square root of the decimal proportion.
Short Name
BIOMACR
Version Number
7

Wisconsin Lake Plants - multi source database of lake plant abundance 1930 - 2004

Abstract
This data set provides sampling-point by sampling-point macrophyte data for lakes sampled by a number of agencies in Wisconsin. The relational tables in this dataset were originally used to generate plant community tables. This dataset contains detailed and recent data from approximately the 1970s onward. Sampling timing and intensity varied. Table DATSOUR contains sources of data for tables AQUAPLT2 and LAKEHAB. Table AQUAPLT2 gives an estimate of plant density at each sample point. Table MAXDEPLNG has initial lake parameters derived from data in AQUAPLT2 and LAKEHAB Table LAKEHAB contains habitat characteristics at macrophyte sampling locations. Table PLTNAME has species information for plants in tables AQUAPLT2 and LAKESPEC. Table LAKES contains information for lakes included in this dataset. Table COUNTY contains information associated with the counties where the lakes in the AQUAPLT2 dataset and the LAKESPEC dataset are located. . Sampling Frequency: varies Number of sites: 1938
Core Areas
Dataset ID
61
Date Range
-
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
This data set provides sampling-point by sampling-point macrophyte data for lakes sampled by a number of agencies in Wisconsin. Sampling timing and intensity varied. An estimate of plant density is given at each point and water depth and substrate information is available for many sampling points. The AQUAPLT2, DATSOUR, MAXDEPLNG, PLTNAME, and LAKEHAB tables are relational and were original used in a database to generate plant community tables. These relational tables contain more detailed and recent data from approximately the 1970s onwardThe LAKESPEC table contains analyzed plant community data that may have been generated from the above tables or gleaned from the literature. The LAKESPEC data contains some historical data from the 1930s and before as well as more recent data. More information on the LAKESPEC data is in Nichols, S.A. and R. A. Martin, 1990. Wisconsin Lake Plant Database. Information Circular 69, Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, Madison, 27 ppVilas County lakes were sampled from 2001-2004 (approximately 15 different lakes each year).
Short Name
SNAQ2
Version Number
4
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