US Long-Term Ecological Research Network

North Temperate Lakes LTER Zooplankton conversion formulas length to biomass

Abstract
Formulas for calculating zooplankton biomass based on measured length for species encountered in NTL's northern lakes. Formulas are either based on literature reports or measurements in particular research lakes.
Core Areas
Dataset ID
376
LTER Keywords
Maintenance
completed
Methods
formulas are based on data in literature or were determined in samples from research lakes:

Culver D.A. et.al. 1985. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. Vol 42, 1380-1390.
Biomass of freshwater crustacean zooplankton from length-weight regressions.

Downing, John A. and Frank H. rigler. 1984.
A manual on methods for the assessment of secondary productivity in fresh waters. Second edition.

Dumont, H.J., I. Van de Velde and S. Dumont. Ref??
The dry weight estimate of biomass in a selection of cladocera, copepoda and rotifera from the plankton, periphyton and benthos of continental waters.

Hawkins, Bethany E. and M.S. Evans. 1979. J.Great Lakes Res. 5(3-4):256-263
Seasonal cycles of zooplankton biomass in southeastern Lake Michigan

Lawrence, S.G., D.F. Malley, W.J. Findlay, M.A. MacIver and I.L. Delbaere. 1987. Can J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 44: 264-274.
Methods for estimating dry weight of freshwater planktonic crustaceans from measures of length and shape.

Pace M.L. and J.D. Orcutt. 1981. Limnol. Oceanogr. 26(5), 822-830.
The relative importance of protozoans, rotifers, and crustaceans in a freshwater zooplankton community.

Yan N.D. and G.L. Mackie. 1987. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. Vol 44, 382-389.
Improved estimation of the dry weight of Holopedium gibberum using clutch size, a body fat index, and lake water total phosphorus concentration.

Ruttner-Kolisko A. 1977. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 8, 71-76.
Suggestions for biomass calculations of plankton rotifers.
Version Number
1

Additional Daily Meteorological Data for Madison Wisconsin (1884-2010)

Abstract
These data are in addition to "Madison Wisconsin Daily Meteorological Data 1869-current." Additional variables added include: daily cloud cover, wind, solar radiation, vapor pressure, dew point temperature, total atmospheric pressure, and average relative humidity for Madison, Wisconsin. In addition, the adjustment factors which were applied on a given date to calculate the adjusted parameters in "Madison Wisconsin Daily Meteorological Data 1869-current" are also included in these data. Raw data, in English units, were assembled by Douglas Clark - Wisconsin State Climatologist. Data were converted to metric units and adjusted for temporal biases by Dale M. Robertson. For adjustments applied to various parameters see Robertson, 1989 Ph.D. Thesis UW-Madison. Adjusted data represent the BEST estimated daily data and may be raw data. Data collected at Washburn observatory, 8-1-1883 to 9-30-1904. Data collected at North Hall, 10-1-1904 to 12-31-1947 Data collected at Truax Field (Admin BLDG), 1-1-1948 to 12-31-1959. Data collected at Truax Field, center of field, 1-1-1960 to Present. Much of the data after 1990 were obtained in digital form from Ed Hopkins, UW-Meteorology. Data starting in 2002-2005 were obtained from Sullivan at http://www.weather.gov/climate/index.php?wfo=mkx%20 ,then go to CF6 and download monthly data to Madison_sullivan_conversion. Relative humidity data was obtained from 1986 to 1995 from CD's at the State Climatologist's Office. Since Robertson (1989) adjusted all historical data to that collected prior to 1989; no adjustments were applied to the recent data except for wind and estimated vapor pressure. Wind after January 1997, and only wind from the southwest after November 2007, was extended by Dale M. Robertson and Yi-Fang "Yvonne" Hsieh, see methods. Estimated vapor pressure after April 2002 was updated by Yvonne Hsieh, see methods.
Dataset ID
282
Date Range
-
Metadata Provider
Methods
Raw data (in English units) were assembled by Douglas Clark - Wisconsin State Climatologist. Data were converted to metric units and adjusted for temporal biases by Dale M. Robertson. For adjustments applied to various parameters see Robertson, 1989 Ph.D. Thesis UW-Madison. Adjusted data represent the BEST estimated daily data and may be raw data. Data collected at Washburn observatory, 8-1-1883 to 9-30-1904. Data collected at North Hall, 10-1-1904 to 12-31-1947 Data collected at Truax Field (Admin BLDG), 1-1-1948 to 12-31-1959. Data collected at Truax Field (Center of Field), 1-1-1960 to Present. Much of the data after 1990 were obtained in digital form from Ed Hopkins, UW-Meteorology. Data starting in 2002-05 were obtained from Sullivan at <a href="http://www.weather.gov/climate/index.php?wfo=mkx%20">http://www.weather.gov/climate/index.php?wfo=mkx</a> ,then go to CF6 and download monthly data to Madison_sullivan_conversion. Since Robertson (1989) adjusted all historical data to that collected from 1884-1989; no adjustments were applied to the recent data except for (1) wind and (2) estimated vapor pressure:(1) Wind after January 1997, and only wind from the southwest after November 2007, was extended by Dale M. Robertson and Yvonne Hsieh.In 1996, a discontinuity in the wind record was caused by change in observational techniques and sensor locations (Mckee et al. 2000). To address the non-climatic changes in wind speed, data from MSN were carefully compared with those collected from the tower of the Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Building at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, see http://ginsea.aos.wisc.edu/labs/mendota/index.htm. Hourly data from both sites (UMSN,hourly and UAOS,hourly) during 2003&ndash;2010 were used to form a 4&times;12 (four components of wind direction &times; 12 months) matrix (K4,12) of wind correction factors, yielding UAOS,daily= Ki,j&times;UMSN,daily. The comparison results indicated that the MSN weather station reported a higher magnitude in winds out of the east by 5% and lower magnitude in winds out of the west and south by 30% and 10%. The adjusted wind data (=Ki,j&times;UMSN,daily) were therefore employed and used in the model simulation. After adjustments, there was a decrease in wind velocities starting shortly before 1996. Overall the adjusted wind data had a decline in wind velocities of 16% from 1988&ndash;93 to 1994&ndash;2009) compared to a 7% decline at a nearby weather station with no known observational changes (St. Charles, Illinois; 150 km southeast of Lake Mendota). (2) Estimated vapor pressure was updated (after April 2002) by using the equation from DYRESM for estimation of vapor pressure (a function of both air temperature and dew point temperature); where a=7.5, b=237.3, and c=.7858.
Version Number
23

Minocqua Dam Monthly Meteorological Data at North Temperate Lakes LTER 1905 - current

Abstract
Minoqua Dam, Wisconsin. Meteorological measurements are being gathered at a site at the Minocqua Dam for these purposes: 1) to supplement the data from the raft on Sparkling Lake and 2) to provide standard meteorological measurements for the North Temperate Lakes site. The following parameters are measured and stored as monthly values: 1) mean daily air temperature, 2) mean maximum air temperature, 3) mean minimum air temperature, 4) total precipitation, and 5) total snowfall. Sampling Frequency: data averaged to monthly values Number of sites: 1
Dataset ID
19
Date Range
-
LTER Keywords
Metadata Provider
Methods
Standard National Weather Service weather station
Short Name
NTLME03
Version Number
28

Minocqua Dam Daily Meteorological Data at North Temperate Lakes LTER 1978 - current

Abstract
Meteorological measurements are being gathered at a site at the Minocqua Dam for these purposes: 1) to supplement the data from the raft on Sparkling Lake and 2) to provide standard meteorological measurements for the North Temperate Lakes site. The following parameters are measured and stored as daily values: 1) maximum air temperature, 2) minimum air temperature, 3) precipitation, 4) snowfall, and 5) snowdepth. Snowdepth data begin in 1996. Precipitation data are summed for 5- minute intervals during periods of detectable precipitation. Data are reported at 7am each day for the previous 24 hours. E.g, data for June 5 are for period 7am June 4 to 7am June 5. Sampling Frequency: data averaged to daily values Number of sites: 1
Dataset ID
18
Date Range
-
LTER Keywords
Maintenance
ongoing
Metadata Provider
Methods
Standard National Weather Service weather station set up.
Short Name
NTLME02
Version Number
31

Madison Wisconsin Daily Meteorological Data 1869 - current

Abstract
Daily air temperature, precipitation and snow depth data for Madison from 1869. For a full description of data prior to 1987 see Robertson, 1989 (Ph.D. Thesis). Raw data (in English units) prior to 1977 were assembled by Douglas Clark - Wisconsin State Climatologist. Data were converted to metric units and adjusted for temporal biases by Dale M. Robertson. Adjusted data represent the BEST estimated daily data and may be raw data. Daily temperature data prior to 1884 were estimated from 3 times per day sampling and biases are expected and should not be comparable with data after that time. For adjustments applied to various parameters see Robertson, 1989 Ph.D. Thesis UW-Madison. Douglas Clark had assembled and adjusted 1948 to 1977 data for his own research earlier. Data from 1989 to 1995 obtained from CD's at the Wis. State Climatologists Office. Air Temp adjusted to data at Truax Field. Data collected at Bascom Hall, 1-1-1869 to 9-30-1878. Data collected at North Hall, 10-1-1904 to 12-31-1947. Data collected at Browns Block, 10-1-1878 to 4-31-1883. Data collected at Truax Field (Admin BLDG), 1-1-1948 to 12-31-195. Data collected at North Hall, 5-1-1883 to 7-31-1883. Data collected at Truax Field (Center of Field), 1-1-1960 to Present. Data collected at Washburn observatory, 8-1-1883 to 9-30-1904. Wind data collected at Truax from 1-1-1947 to Present. Much of the data after 1990 were obtained in digital form from Ed Hopkins, UW-Meteorology Sampling Frequency: daily values Number of sites: 1
Dataset ID
20
Date Range
-
LTER Keywords
Maintenance
ongoing
Metadata Provider
Methods
For a full description of data prior to 1987 see Robertson, 1989 (Ph.D. Thesis). Raw data (in English units) prior to 1977 were assembled by Douglas Clark - Wisconsin State Climatologist. Data were converted to metric units and adjusted for temporal biases by Dale M. Robertson. Adjusted data represent the BEST estimated daily data and may be raw data. Daily temperature data prior to 1884 were estimated from 3 times per day sampling and biases are expected and should not be comparable with data after that time. For adjustments applied to various parameters see Robertson, 1989 Ph.D. Thesis UW-Madison. Douglas Clark had assembled and adjusted 1948 to 1977 data for his own research earlier. Data from 1989 to 1995 obtained from CD's at the Wis. State Climatologists Office. Air Temp adjusted to data at Truax Field. Data collected at Bascom Hall, 1-1-1869 to 9-30-1878. Data collected at North Hall, 10-1-1904 to 12-31-1947. Data collected at Browns Block, 10-1-1878 to 4-31-1883. Data collected at Truax Field (Admin BLDG), 1-1-1948 to 12-31-195. Data collected at North Hall, 5-1-1883 to 7-31-1883. Data collected at Truax Field (Center of Field), 1-1-1960 to Present. Data collected at Washburn observatory, 8-1-1883 to 9-30-1904. Wind data collected at Truax from 1-1-1947 to Present. Much of the data after 1990 were obtained in digital form from Ed Hopkins, UW-Meteorology Sampling Frequency: daily values Number of sites: 1
Short Name
NTLME04
Version Number
33

North Temperate Lakes LTER: Boat Traffic Through Yahara Locks 1976 - 2011

Abstract
One of the dominant uses of the Madison area lakes is for boating. In order to develop a long term data set on the temporal fluctuations and trends in such activity, the LTER project has obtained records of boat traffic that passes through the locks at the head of the Yahara River on its stretch between Lake Mendota and Lake Monona. This data was gathered by the Dane County Department of Public Works as part of the County's ongoing monitoring of its own facilities and their use. This data set will be augmented as the Department of Public Works makes updates available. Sampling Frequency: tallied daily April through October; exact starting dates vary each year Number of sites: 1
Contact
Creator
Dataset ID
15
Date Range
-
Maintenance
ongoing
Metadata Provider
Methods
This data has been and will continue to be gathered by the Dane County Department of Public Works as part of the County s ongoing monitoring of its own facilities and their use.
Short Name
NTLLC01
Version Number
24

North Temperate Lakes LTER: Lake District Revenues 1992 - 1996

Abstract
Lake District revenues record one of the primary means of action available to lake districts. These districts are a form of special purpose district created by the state of Wisconsin in the early 1970s to address the specific problems of lake mangement not being addressed by existing governmental capacities. These districts are by statute granted the authority to levy property taxes, special assessments, special charges and delinquent charges against property owners within their geographic boundaries. This fund-raising authority gives to lake districts a capacity not only to raise substantial funds but to do so consistently over time, thereby alloting to them a practical capacity not readily available to other groups (such as lake associations) involved in lake management. Data are from years 1992 - 1996. Sampling Frequency: annually Number of sites: 190
Dataset ID
16
Data Sources
Date Range
-
LTER Keywords
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
public records
Short Name
NTLLD01
Version Number
9

North Temperate Lakes LTER: Residential Lakeshore Property Sales in Vilas County 1997 - 2004

Abstract
Sales of residential shoreline property parcels in Vilas County, WI, USA for the period January 1997 througt Dec 2004. This dataset includes sales of over 2000 parcels on 234 lakes. In addtion to the sale price, other information collected include assessed value of the land, assessed value of improvements, length of lake frontage and total size of the parcel.
Dataset ID
111
Date Range
-
LTER Keywords
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
extracted from the tax assessors database
Short Name
NTLPSAL1
Version Number
21

North Temperate Lakes LTER: Vilas County Property Tax Records 1997 - 2004

Abstract
Each year, the county government in Vilas County, WI, assembles data on each parcel of property in the county for various governmental administrative purposes. These records serve the register of deeds, the department of taxation, and other county departments, as well as private citizens or businesses, such as realtors, who seek information on properties in the county. These records include assessments of the value of land and built improvements, their location, the name and mailing address of the owner, and other data. LTER has begun to collect these data each year from the county as a means of monitoring owners, and the social identities of owners (whether they are state agencies, private individuals, corporations, non-profit/conservation organizations, etc.). These data have already proved useful as a sampling frame for social science surveys. This data set includes property tax records for Vilas County for the years 1997, 1998, 2001, 2003, and 2004. Sampling Frequency: annually Number of sites: 15 Townships of Vilas County, WI, USA
Dataset ID
39
Maintenance
complete
Metadata Provider
Methods
see abstract for method description
Short Name
NTLPR01
Version Number
7

Wisconsin Lake Plants - multi source database of lake plant abundance 1930 - 2004

Abstract
This data set provides sampling-point by sampling-point macrophyte data for lakes sampled by a number of agencies in Wisconsin. The relational tables in this dataset were originally used to generate plant community tables. This dataset contains detailed and recent data from approximately the 1970s onward. Sampling timing and intensity varied. Table DATSOUR contains sources of data for tables AQUAPLT2 and LAKEHAB. Table AQUAPLT2 gives an estimate of plant density at each sample point. Table MAXDEPLNG has initial lake parameters derived from data in AQUAPLT2 and LAKEHAB Table LAKEHAB contains habitat characteristics at macrophyte sampling locations. Table PLTNAME has species information for plants in tables AQUAPLT2 and LAKESPEC. Table LAKES contains information for lakes included in this dataset. Table COUNTY contains information associated with the counties where the lakes in the AQUAPLT2 dataset and the LAKESPEC dataset are located. . Sampling Frequency: varies Number of sites: 1938
Core Areas
Dataset ID
61
Date Range
-
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
This data set provides sampling-point by sampling-point macrophyte data for lakes sampled by a number of agencies in Wisconsin. Sampling timing and intensity varied. An estimate of plant density is given at each point and water depth and substrate information is available for many sampling points. The AQUAPLT2, DATSOUR, MAXDEPLNG, PLTNAME, and LAKEHAB tables are relational and were original used in a database to generate plant community tables. These relational tables contain more detailed and recent data from approximately the 1970s onwardThe LAKESPEC table contains analyzed plant community data that may have been generated from the above tables or gleaned from the literature. The LAKESPEC data contains some historical data from the 1930s and before as well as more recent data. More information on the LAKESPEC data is in Nichols, S.A. and R. A. Martin, 1990. Wisconsin Lake Plant Database. Information Circular 69, Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, Madison, 27 ppVilas County lakes were sampled from 2001-2004 (approximately 15 different lakes each year).
Short Name
SNAQ2
Version Number
4
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