US Long-Term Ecological Research Network

North Temperate Lakes LTER: High Frequency Water Temperature Data - Lake Mendota Buoy 2006 - current

Abstract
The instrumented buoy on Lake Mendota is equipped with a thermistor chain that measures water temperature. In 2006, the thermistors were placed every half-meter from the surface through 7m, and every meter from 7m to 15m. Since 2007, the thermistors were placed every half-meter from the surface through 2m, and every meter from 2m to 20m. The sensor at the water surface is as close to the surface as feasible. A list of sensors used since the first deployment in 2006 is provided as a downloadable CSV file. Hourly and daily water temperature averages are computed from high resolution (1 minute) data.

Sampling Frequency: one minute. Number of sites: 1. Location lat/long: 43.0995, -89.4045
Core Areas
Dataset ID
130
Date Range
-
Maintenance
ongoing
Metadata Provider
Methods
See abstract for methods description
Short Name
MEBUOY2
Version Number
30

North Temperate Lakes LTER: High Frequency Water Temperature Data - Lake Mendota Pier 2006 - 2008

Abstract
Water temperature was measured on the pier at 1 and 2 m water depth at a frequency of 1 minute.
Dataset ID
131
Date Range
-
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
Water temperature was measured on the pier at 1 and 2 m water depth at a frequency of 1 minute.
Short Name
MEPIER2
Version Number
15

North Temperate Lakes LTER: High Frequency Data: Meteorological, Dissolved Oxygen, Chlorophyll, Phycocyanin - Lake Mendota Buoy 2006 - current

Abstract
The instrumented buoy on Lake Mendota is equipped with limnological and meteorological sensors that provide fundamental information on lake thermal structure, weather conditions, and lake metabolism. Data are collected every minute. Hourly and daily averages are derived from the high resolution (1 minute) data. Hourly and daily values may not be current with high resolution data as they are calculated at the end of the season.

Meteorological sensors measure wind speed, wind direction, relative humidity, air temperature, and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). Not all sensors are deployed each season. A list of sensors used since the first deployment in 2006 is provided as a downloadable CSV file.

Number of sites: 1. Location lat/long: 43.0995, -89.4045

Notable events:
2017 - A boating mishap caused the loss of air temperature, relative humidity, and wind sensors between May 28 and July 11. The dissolved oxygen sensor had significant biofouling from algae and zebra mussels.
2019 - A YSI EXO2 sonde was added to the buoy and includes DO, chlorophyll, phycocyanin, specific conductance, pH, fDOM, and turbidity sensors. The chlorophyll and phycocyanin sensors replace Turner Cyclops 7 fluorometers that had been in use in prior years. Both sets of sensors output RFU, but have significant magnitude differences. The YSI pH, DO, and specific conductance sensors were cleaned and recalibrated every two weeks.
2020 - Cleaning and calibration of the YSI sensors occurred nearly every week. The dissolved CO2 sensor was not operating between July 2 and September 17.


Core Areas
Dataset ID
129
Date Range
-
Maintenance
ongoing
Metadata Provider
Methods
See abstract for methods description
Short Name
MEBUOY1
Version Number
32

Lake Mendota Phosphorus Entrainment at North Temperate Lakes LTER 2005

Abstract
This dataset contains total (TP) and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) data collected in Lake Mendota during the summer of 2005 between 6/28/2005 and 10/14/2005 as well as high-resolution temperature data for that same time period . The phosphorus data were taken at five different locations where buoys were deployed. The buoys were deployed with HOBO temperature data loggers attached at 2 - 4 m intervals. Similarly the phosphorus samples were collected at 2 - 4 m intervals throughout the water column. The position of the five buoys changed a few times during the summer in an effort to monitor circulation patterns due to different wind directions and speeds. Manuscript using this dataset: Kamarainen, A.M., H. Yuan, C. Wu, S.R. Carpenter. 2009. One-dimensional and three-dimensional approaches converge on similar estimates of phosphorus entrainment in Lake Mendota. Limnology and Oceanography Methods 7:553-567 Sampling frequency: Water temperature: generally 1 min; some at 5 min. TP and SRP: approximately at 2 weeks intervals Number of sites: 12
Core Areas
Dataset ID
258
Date Range
-
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
Kamarainen, A.M., H. Yuan, C. Wu, S.R. Carpenter. 2009. One-dimensional and three-dimensional approaches converge on similar estimates of phosphorus entrainment in Lake Mendota. Limnology and Oceanography Methods 7:553-567
Short Name
KAMWT05
Version Number
15

North Temperate Lakes LTER: High Frequency Meteorological and Dissolved Oxygen Data - Crystal Bog Buoy 2005 - 2014

Abstract
The instrumented buoy on Crystal Bog is equipped with a dissolved oxygen sensor, a thermistor chain, and meteorological sensors that provide fundamental information on lake thermal structure, weather conditions, and lake metabolism. Data are usually collected every 10 minutes with occasional periods of 2 minute data for short periods to answer specific questions. The D-Opto dissolved oxygen sensor is 0.5m from the lake surface, thermistors are placed every 0.25m throughout the water column, and meteorological sensors measure wind speed, relative humidity, and air temperature. After correcting for flux to or from the atmosphere and vertical mixing within the water column, high frequency measurements of dissolved gases such as carbon dioxide and oxygen can be used to estimate gross primary productivity, respiration, and net ecosystem productivity, the basic components of whole lake metabolism. Sampling Frequency: varies for instantaneous sample. averaged to hourly and daily values from one minute samples Number of sites: 1
Core Areas
Dataset ID
118
Date Range
-
Maintenance
ongoing
Metadata Provider
Methods
see abstract for methods description
Short Name
CBBUOY1
Version Number
11

North Temperate Lakes LTER: High Frequency Water Temperature Data - Crystal Bog Buoy 2005 - 2014

Abstract
The instrumented buoy on Crystal Bog is equipped with a thermistor chain that measures water temperature from depths ranging from the surface to 2.25m placed every 0.25m throughout the water column. The surface temperature sensors are attached to floats so that they are as close to the surface as feasible. The Crsytal Bog buoy is also equipped with a dissolved oxygen sensor and meteorological sensors that provide fundamental information on lake thermal structure, weather conditions, and lake metabolism. Data are usually collected every 10 minutes with occasional periods of 2 minute data for short periods to answer specific questions. After correcting for flux to or from the atmosphere and vertical mixing within the water column, high frequency measurements of dissolved gases such as carbon dioxide and oxygen can be used to estimate gross primary productivity, respiration, and net ecosystem productivity, the basic components of whole lake metabolism. Sampling Frequency: varies for instantaneous sample. averaged to hourly and daily values from one minute samples Number of sites: 1
Core Areas
Dataset ID
119
Date Range
-
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
The instrumented buoy on Crystal Bog is equipped with a thermistor chain that measures water temperature from depths ranging from the surface to 2.25m placed every 0.25m throughout the water column. The Crsytal Bog buoy is also equipped with a dissolved oxygen sensor and meteorological sensors that provide fundamental information on lake thermal structure, weather conditions, and lake metabolism. Data are usually collected every 10 minutes with occasional periods of 2 minute data for short periods to answer specific questions. After correcting for flux to or from the atmosphere and vertical mixing within the water column, high frequency measurements of dissolved gases such as carbon dioxide and oxygen can be used to estimate gross primary productivity, respiration, and net ecosystem productivity, the basic components of whole lake metabolism. Sampling Frequency: varies for instantaneous sample. averaged to hourly and daily values from one minute samples
Short Name
CBBUOY2
Version Number
26

North Temperate Lakes LTER: Spatial Variability of Wind Field at Lake Wingra (2004)

Abstract
Wind speed and direction were measured at multiple locations around Lake Wingra. Two data tables are provided. The first has wind speed and direction measured at 7 sites around Lake Wingra, Dane County, WI, USA during the month of March, 2004 at a frequency of 10 minutes. The latter data table contains wind speed and direction measured at Vilas beach, Lake Wingra for the months July through September 2004 at a frequency of 2 minutes. Sampling Frequency: 2 minutes and 10 minutes Number of sites: 7 locations around Lake Wingra Instrument: http://www.campbellsci.com/03001-wind-sentry -- 03001-L R.M. Young Wind Sentry set
Dataset ID
212
Date Range
-
LTER Keywords
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
see abstract for methods description
Short Name
YUAN2
Version Number
19

North Temperate Lakes LTER: Spatially Distributed Water Temperature (2004,2006) and Sediment Temperature (2006) of Lake Wingra

Abstract
Profiles of water and sediment temperature were measured during the summer months in Lake Wingra, Dane County, WI, USA at several locations. During the months July through September, 2004, water temperature profiles were measured. For the months, June through August, 2006, sediment temperatures were measured along with the water temperature profiles. Sampling Frequency: 2 minutes and 4 minutes Number of sites: 3 sites each summer Instrument: http://www.microdaq.com/occ/u22/underwater_temperature_data_logger.php - Underwater Temperature Data Logger
Dataset ID
211
Date Range
-
LTER Keywords
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
using a Onset HOBO Underwater Temp Logger for Extended Deployment in Fresh or Salt Water Profiles of water and sediment temperature were measured during the summer months in Lake Wingra, Dane County, WI, USA at several locations. During the months July through September, 2004, water temperature profiles were measured. For the months, June through August, 2006, sediment temperatures were measured along with the water temperature profiles.
Short Name
YUAN1
Version Number
19

North Temperate Lakes LTER: Current Velocity of Lake Wingra (2004)

Abstract
Profiles of current velocity are measured in Lake Wingra, Dane County, WI, USA at 3 locations. High-frequency data are averaged over at least 30 minutes recording period to obtain the average current velocity. Sampling Frequency: 2 Hz. Number of sites: 3 sites in Lake Wingra Instrument: http://www.rdinstruments.com/sen.html - 600 KHz Sentinel Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler from RD instrument
Dataset ID
213
Date Range
Maintenance
completed
Metadata Provider
Methods
Measurements were made with Sentinel from Teledyne. See abstract for more method descriptions.
Short Name
YUAN3
Version Number
18

North Temperate Lakes LTER: High Frequency Meteorological and Dissolved Oxygen Data - Trout Lake Buoy 2004 - current

Abstract
The instrumented buoy on Trout Lake is equipped with a dissolved oxygen sensor, a thermistor chain, and meteorological sensors that provide fundamental information on lake thermal structure, weather conditions, and lake metabolism. Data are usually collected every 10 minutes with occasional periods of 2 minute data for short periods to answer specific questions. The D-Opto dissolved oxygen sensor is 0.5m from the lake surface. Meteorological sensors measure wind speed, wind direction, relative humidity, air temperature, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), and barometric pressure. Starting in 2005, thermistors were placed every 0.5-1m from the surface through 14m and every 2 to 4m from 14m to the bottom of the water column at 31m. In July 2006, a new thermistor chain was deployed with thermistors placed every meter from the surface through a depth of 19 meters. After correcting for flux to or from the atmosphere and vertical mixing within the water column, high frequency measurements of dissolved gases such as carbon dioxide and oxygen can be used to estimate gross primary productivity, respiration, and net ecosystem productivity, the basic components of whole lake metabolism. Data are averaged to daily values from one minute samples for years 2005 - 2006. Daily values are computed from high resolution data starting in year 2007. Data are averaged to hourly values from one minute samples for years 2005 - 2008, Hourly values are computed from high resolution data starting in year 2009. Hourly and daily values may not be current with high resolution data in the current year. Sampling Frequency: varies for instantaneous sample. averaged to hourly and daily values from one minute samples Number of sites: 1
Core Areas
Dataset ID
117
Date Range
-
Maintenance
ongoing
Metadata Provider
Methods
The instrumented buoy on Trout Lake is equipped with a dissolved oxygen sensor, a thermistor chain, and meteorological sensors that provide fundamental information on lake thermal structure, weather conditions, and lake metabolism. Data are usually collected every 10 minutes with occasional periods of 2 minute data for short periods to answer specific questions. The D-Opto dissolved oxygen sensor is 0.5m from the lake surface. Meteorological sensors measure wind speed, wind direction, relative humidity, air temperature, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), and barometric pressure. Starting in 2005, thermistors were placed every 0.5-1m from the surface through 14m and every 2 to 4m from 14m to the bottom of the water column at 31m. In July 2006, a new thermistor chain was deployed with thermistors placed every meter from the surface through a depth of 19 meters. After correcting for flux to or from the atmosphere and vertical mixing within the water column, high frequency measurements of dissolved gases such as carbon dioxide and oxygen can be used to estimate gross primary productivity, respiration, and net ecosystem productivity, the basic components of whole lake metabolism. Data are averaged to daily values from one minute samples for years 2005 - 2006. Daily values are computed from high resolution data starting in year 2007. Data are averaged to hourly values from one minute samples for years 2005 - 2008, Hourly values are computed from high resolution data starting in year 2009. Hourly and daily values may not be current with high resolution data in the current year. Sampling Frequency: varies for instantaneous sample. averaged to hourly and daily values from one minute samples
Short Name
TRBUOY1
Version Number
40
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