US Long-Term Ecological Research Network
WSC 2007 - 2012 Yahara Watershed surface water quality policies and practices created and implemented by public agencies

Abstract

This dataset was created June 2012 - August 2013 to contribute to research under the Water Sustainability and Climate project. Interventions collected are those land-based policies and practices written and implemented by public agencies. Policies were implemented in Wisconsin's Yahara Watershed the period 2007-2012. They aim to improve surface water quality through nutrient (phosphorus and nitrogen) and sediment reduction. Interventions included in the mapping must have spatially-explicit, publicly available data through personal communication or website.
Dataset ID
309

Data Citation Suggestion

Wardropper, C., C. Chang, and A. Rissman. 2014. WSC 2007 - 2012 Yahara Watershed surface water quality policies and practices created and implemented by public agencies ver 2. Environmental Data Initiative. https://doi.org/10.6073/pasta/ba163adec8a2d3816295afae977d36b3. Accessed 2021-12-05.

Date Range

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Data Download

description of each GIS layer in spreadsheet format for easier analysis
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: municipal land use; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: County, Municipal; Implementing_Agency_Level: Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: Dane Co. Ch. 14, Dane Co. Stormwater Mgmt and Local Governments Fact Sheet ; Short_Intervention_Description: Municipalities that have adopted more stringent design standards for construction; Intervention_area_ha: 33262.61; Data_Sources: Capital Area Regional Planning Commission stormwater webpage: http://www.capitalarearpc.org/storm_water.html; accessed August 2013.; Mapping_Rationale: Mapped municipalities with 100 year storm design standards
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: general land use; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 3; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal, State; Implementing_Agency_Level: Federal, State; Promulgating_Policies: CWA Sec. 303; Short_Intervention_Description: The WI DNR is required by the federal Clean Water Act to maintain a list of streams and other water bodies that do not meet the State’s water quality standards, known as the “303(d) List.” Once a waterbody is listed, the State develops a TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load). Listing makes local governments eligible for CWA Section 319 grant funds.; Intervention_area_ha: 73945.88; Data_Sources: WI DNR, Impaired Waters website: http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/impairedwaters/; accessed July 2012.; Mapping_Rationale: HUC12 watershed surrounding 303D listed rivers and streams.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: agricultural; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 1; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State, County; Implementing_Agency_Level: County; Promulgating_Policies: NRCS Code 590 Nutrient Management Practice Standard; WI Stats Ch 92, NR 243, ATCP 50; Dane County Ch. 14; Short_Intervention_Description: Dane County Ordinance Ch. 14 regulates the amount of liquid manure that may be spread on land according to the percent slope and requires a permit for any liquid manure spreading. Amount of manure allowed is determined in part by slope of spreading area.; Intervention_area_ha: 26170.57; Data_Sources: ESRI topographic data.; Mapping_Rationale: Polygons of land areas with over 9 percent slope.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: agricultural; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 1; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State, County; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat. Ch. 281, NR 151 Subchapter II: Agricultural Performance Standards and Prohibitions; Short_Intervention_Description: Wisconsin Code Ch. NR 151 sets statewide performance standards and prohibitions for all Wisconsin farms. Farms must: Meet tolerable soil loss requirements; Annually develop and follow a Nutrient Management Plan (NMP); ensure that their NMP adequately controls phosphorous runoff over the accounting period; avoid tilling within 5 feet of surface waters. ; Intervention_area_ha: 63719.48; Data_Sources: Agricultural land cover/use designations from National Land Cover Database, 2006, and validated by the Capital Area Regional Planning Commission (CARPC) in 2010.; Mapping_Rationale: All agricultural land uses/land covers. Sub-parts of NR 151, Subchapter II describe significantly different practices, but are mapped as one GIS layer.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: agricultural; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 1; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal, State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State, County; Promulgating_Policies: 33 U.S.C. Section 1342; 40 C.F.R. PART 122 (USEPA Administered Permit Programs)(122.23 NPDES CAFOs); part 123 (State Program Requirements); WI Stat. 281, 283, WI NR 243 Animal Feeding Operations; Short_Intervention_Description: The Clean Water Act and Wisconin Code Ch. NR 243 regulate manure management on concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). A CAFO is defined as any livestock or poultry operation with 1,000 or more animal units (1,000 animal units is approximately 700 mature dairy cows).; Intervention_area_ha: 659.8383; Data_Sources: WI DNR WPDES website: http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/wastewater/permits.html; accessed August 2012. Google Earth.; Mapping_Rationale: Approximate locations of all CAFO parcels by parcel ownership. Includes rowcrop field parcels where data available.
Intervention_Category: Acquisition; Intervention_Subcategory: land conservation; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 3; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: County; Implementing_Agency_Level: County; Promulgating_Policies: WI Statutes 27 Public Parks and Places of Recreation, Dane County Ch. 53 County Parks; Streambanks Easements documents; Parks documents; Short_Intervention_Description: Acquired parkland and conservancy land; easements, including streambank easements; Intervention_area_ha: 1941.236; Data_Sources: Dane County Land and Water Conservation Department, Land Acquisition Section; Received July 2012.; Mapping_Rationale: County conservation acquisitions
Intervention_Category: Incentive ; Intervention_Subcategory: agricultural cost-share; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 1; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal; Implementing_Agency_Level: Federal, County; Promulgating_Policies: 2008 Farm Bill (Food, Conservation, and Energy Act), 7 CFR 1410 USDA CRP 2010; Short_Intervention_Description: Voluntary federal conservation program (USDA-NRCS) provides annual rental payments and cost-share assistance to establish long-term, resource conserving covers on eligible farmland.; Intervention_area_ha: 1557.307; Data_Sources: Wisconsin NRCS. Received GIS layer from State office 2007 (no more recent data available).; Mapping_Rationale: CRP fields as of 10/2007.
Intervention_Category: Incentive; Intervention_Subcategory: agricultural cost-share; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 1; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal; Implementing_Agency_Level: Federal, County; Promulgating_Policies: 2008 Farm Bill (Food, Conservation, and Energy Act), 7 CFR 1470 USDA CSP; Short_Intervention_Description: Voluntary federal conservation program (USDA-NRCS) that encourages agricultural producers to comprehensively address resource concerns by improving, managing, and adding to existing conservation activities.; Intervention_area_ha: 311.063; Data_Sources: Wisconsin NRCS provided names of contract holders 9/19/2013.; Mapping_Rationale: CSP 2002, 2008 active and completed contracts as of 9/2012. Matched NRCS contract names to 2012 parcel ownership GIS layer from Dane County for approximate locations of fields under contract.
Intervention_Category: Incentive ; Intervention_Subcategory: government and non-governmental project support; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 3; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: County; Implementing_Agency_Level: County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: Dane County Land and Water Legacy initiative, Environmental Council Grants; Short_Intervention_Description: Grants to Dane County nonprofit community organizations, school districts, and municipalities for environmental initiatives. Grants range from $250 to $2,500.; Intervention_area_ha: 2727.979; Data_Sources: Point data of locations of grant recipients downloaded from Dane County website : http://www.countyofdane.com/commissions/environmentalcouncil/map.aspx; as of August 2013. ; Mapping_Rationale: Project areas 2007-2012; projects related to nutrient reduction. Because the data were points, we buffered 500m around the point and included parcels within that buffer as the area of intervention.
Intervention_Category: Direct Management; Intervention_Subcategory: urban stormwater; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State, County, Municipal; Implementing_Agency_Level: County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat Ch 281 Water and Sewage, WI NR 151 Runoff Management; WI Stat 283, WI NR 216 Storm Water Discharge Permits; County Stormwater BMP guidance; Short_Intervention_Description: County and municipal public and private stormwater retention and detention basins, in compliance with stormwater discharge permit. Information from County and Municipal engineering departments.; Intervention_area_ha: 2384.17; Data_Sources: Emails sent June - August, 2013 to municipal engineers; responses received from 14 of 23 municipalities. Data format received was either shapefiles or parcel numbers - we digitized data for the latter.; Mapping_Rationale: Parcels on which BMPs are located, including public and private, detention and retention basins.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: municipal land use; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State, County; Implementing_Agency_Level: County; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat Ch. 281, NR 121; Short_Intervention_Description: Environmental corridors are continuous systems of open space in urban and urbanizing areas, including environmentally sensitive lands and natural resources requiring protection from disturbance and development, and lands needed for open space and recreational use. Meant to inform local government planning.; Intervention_area_ha: 7783.63; Data_Sources: Capital Area Regional Planning Commission environmental corridors webpage: http://www.capitalarearpc.org/USA_ENV_maps.html; accessed August 2013.; Mapping_Rationale: 2007-2012 environmental corridors from CARPC.
Intervention_Category: Incentive; Intervention_Subcategory: agricultural cost-share; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 1; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal, State, County; Implementing_Agency_Level: Federal, County; Promulgating_Policies: 2008 Farm Bill (Food, Conservation, and Energy Act), 7 CFR 1466 USDA EQIP; Short_Intervention_Description: Voluntary federal conservation program (USDA-NRCS) provides financial assistance to plan and implement conservation practices that address natural resource concerns related to soil, water, plant, animal, and air on agricultural land and non-industrial private forestland.; Intervention_area_ha: 1587.029; Data_Sources: Wisconsin NRCS. Received names of contract holders from State office 9/19/2013.; Mapping_Rationale: EQIP 2008 active and completed contracts as of 9/2012. Matched NRCS contract names to 2012 parcel ownership GIS layer from Dane County for approximate locations of fields under contract.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: general land use; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 3; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: County; Implementing_Agency_Level: County; Promulgating_Policies: Ch. 14 Dane County Manure Management, Erosion Control and Stormwater Management; Municipal Ordinances; Short_Intervention_Description: Dane County Ordinance Chs. 11 and 14 governing erosion control and stormwater management require an Erosion Control Permit is required for significant land disturbing activities, including on a slope of greater than 12 percent and in shoreland districts. ; Intervention_area_ha: 27591.68; Data_Sources: ESRI topographic data.; Mapping_Rationale: over 12 percent slopes and shoreland districts.
Intervention_Category: Acquisition; Intervention_Subcategory: land conservation; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal; Implementing_Agency_Level: Federal; Promulgating_Policies: US Fish and Wildlife Service Leopold Wetland Management District; Short_Intervention_Description: Leopold Wetland Management District; Intervention_area_ha: 951.8671; Data_Sources: Protected Areas Database for the US (PADUS); ESRI data; Fish & Wildlife Service, 2010.; Mapping_Rationale: Federal conservation acquisitions
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: agricultural; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 1; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State, Municipal; Implementing_Agency_Level: Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat Ch. 93, ATCP 51 Livestock Facility Siting; Municipal ordinances; Short_Intervention_Description: Wisconsin Code Ch. ATCP 51 establishes state standards and procedures local governments must use if they choose to require conditional use or other permits for siting new and expanded livestock operations. ; Intervention_area_ha: 12597.08; Data_Sources: WI DATCP livestock siting webpage with participating municipalities: http://datcp.wi.gov/environment/livestock_siting/; accessed July 2012.; Mapping_Rationale: Municipal census blocks for municipalities with rule.
Intervention_Category: Direct Management; Intervention_Subcategory: agricultural erosion; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 1; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal, State, County; Implementing_Agency_Level: County; Promulgating_Policies: Aids in compliance with: NRCS Code 590 Nutrient Management Practice Standard; WI Stats Ch 92, NR 243, ATCP 50; Dane County Ch. 14; Funded in part by federal and state renewable energy grants; Short_Intervention_Description: The manure digester, in Waunakee as of March 2011, removes 50% of the phosphorus from the manure produced by 3 dairy farms.; Intervention_area_ha: 292.8866; Data_Sources: Digitized from Google Earth, July 2012. ; Mapping_Rationale: Digester and 3 farms parcels
Intervention_Category: Acquisition; Intervention_Subcategory: land conservation; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 3; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Municipal; Implementing_Agency_Level: Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Statutes 27 Public Parks and Places of Recreation; Municipal Parks and Open Space Plans ; Short_Intervention_Description: Municipal parks and conservation lands; Intervention_area_ha: 2926.268; Data_Sources: ESRI data; Contacts with local governments, 2012.; Mapping_Rationale: Municipal conservation acquisitions (includes Town of Dunn farm preservation easements)
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: general land use; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State, County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat Ch. 281, NR 151 Subchapter III; Short_Intervention_Description: Wisconsin Code Ch. NR 151 sets statewide performance standards and prohibitions for Wisconsin non-agricultural land uses including construction and transportation facilities.; Intervention_area_ha: 60141.98; Data_Sources: Non-agricultural land cover/use designations from National Land Cover Database, 2006, and validated by the Capital Area Regional Planning Commission (CARPC) in 2010.; Mapping_Rationale: All non-agricultural land uses and covers (including roads). Sub-parts of NR 151, Subchapter III describe significantly different practices, but are mapped as one GIS layer.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: residential; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 3; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: County; Implementing_Agency_Level: County; Promulgating_Policies: Dane County Ch. 80 Establishing Regulations for Lawn Fertilizer and Coal Tar Sealcoat Products Application and Sale; Short_Intervention_Description: Dane County Ordinance Ch. 80 prohibits use of phosphorus-containing lawn fertilizers, unless a soil test shows that phosphorus is necessary and with a few other exceptions; Prohibits retail display of phosphorus-containing lawn fertilizers.; Intervention_area_ha: 58043.16; Data_Sources: Non-agricultural land cover/use designations from National Land Cover Database, 2006, and validated on the ground by the Capital Area Regional Planning Commission (CARPC) in 2010.; Mapping_Rationale: Dane County in Yahara watershed – excluding agricultural lands and water bodies.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: residential; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 3; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State, County; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat. 94.643 Restrictions on the use and sale of fertilizer containing phosphorus; Short_Intervention_Description: Wisconsin Code Ch. 94 restricts use of phosphorus-containing lawn fertilizers. Like Dane County ordinance, except the state rule allows retailers to display P-containing fertilizer, but they must post a sign stating that it can be used only for certain purposes.; Intervention_area_ha: 60484.14; Data_Sources: Non-agricultural land cover/use designations from National Land Cover Database, 2006, and validated on the ground by the Capital Area Regional Planning Commission (CARPC) in 2010.; Mapping_Rationale: All watershed – excluding agricultural lands and water bodies.
Intervention_Category: Incentive ; Intervention_Subcategory: government project support; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 1; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State, County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat. Ch. 281, NR 153; Short_Intervention_Description: Competitive grants for local governments to reimburse costs for agriculture or urban nonpoint source pollution control in targeted, critical geographic areas with surface water or groundwater quality concerns.; Intervention_area_ha: 415.7458; Data_Sources: WI DNR, Linda Talbot, Runoff Management Grants Coordinator. Received list of grant recipients 6/27/13.; Mapping_Rationale: Matched names to parcels owned by grant recipients between 2007-2012.
Intervention_Category: Acquisition; Intervention_Subcategory: land conservation; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State; Promulgating_Policies: DNR Stewardship Grant Acquisitions Document; WI Statutes 27 Public Parks and Places of Recreation; Short_Intervention_Description: WI DNR Stewardship Grant Acquisitions; Intervention_area_ha: 4643.152; Data_Sources: PADUS; WI DNR, Received 2010; ESRI data, 2012.; Mapping_Rationale: State conservation acquisitions
Intervention_Category: Direct Management; Intervention_Subcategory: urban stormwater; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State, Municipal; Implementing_Agency_Level: Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat Ch 281 Water and Sewage, WI NR 151 Runoff Management; WI Stat 283, WI NR 216 Storm Water Discharge Permits; City of Madison Street sweeping guidance; Short_Intervention_Description: Collection of debris from municipal streets in the spring through fall. ; Intervention_area_ha: 4734.369; Data_Sources: Street sweeping practice (i.e. sweeping yes/no, and which streets) determined through phone calls to all 21 municipalities. (called May-June 2013). ; Mapping_Rationale: Road areas of all municipalities that do street sweeping regularly. Assumed 10m road width.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: general land use; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 3; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State, County; Implementing_Agency_Level: County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat Ch NR 115 Wisconsin's Shoreland Protection Program, Dane Co Ch 11 Shoreland, Shoreland-Wetland and Inland-Wetland Regulation, Columbia and Rock Counties Ordinances; Short_Intervention_Description: Wisconsin Code Ch. NR 115 regulates land disturbing activities within 300ft of high water mark of navigable river or stream (SWQMA Permit required).; Intervention_area_ha: 7056.702; Data_Sources: WI DNR waterbodies GIS layer.; Mapping_Rationale: 300m buffer around rivers and streams.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: general land use; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 3; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State, County; Implementing_Agency_Level: County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat Ch NR 115, 117 Wisconsin's Shoreland Protection Program, Dane Co Ch 11 Shoreland, Shoreland-Wetland and Inland-Wetland Regulation, Columbia and Rock Counties Ordinances; Short_Intervention_Description: Wisconsin Code Ch. NR 115 regulates land disturbing activities within 1000ft of high water mark of lake, pond, or flowage. (Surface Water Quality Management Area (SWQMA) Permit required).; Intervention_area_ha: 16904.81; Data_Sources: WI DNR waterbodies GIS layer.; Mapping_Rationale: 1000m buffer around lakes and ponds.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: general land use; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 3; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal, State; Implementing_Agency_Level: Federal, State, County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: 33 USC Sec 1251, 40 CFR 130.7, WI Stat Ch 283 Pollution Discharge Elimination and Permits; Short_Intervention_Description: The WI DNR is required by the federal Clean Water Act to maintain a list of streams and other water bodies that do not meet the State’s water quality standards, known as the “303(d) List.” Once a waterbody is listed, the State develops a TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load). Listing makes local governments eligible for CWA Section 319 grant funds.; Intervention_area_ha: 134572.7; Data_Sources: WI DNR TMDL website: http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/TMDLs/rockriver/; accessed July 2012.; Mapping_Rationale: All of Yahara Watershed.
DNR Urban Nonpoint Source & Storm Water Management Grant Program Recipients: Intervention_Category: Incentive ; Intervention_Subcategory: government project support; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State, County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat. Ch. 281, NR 155; Short_Intervention_Description: Competitive grants to local governments to reimburse costs of planning or construction projects controlling urban nonpoint source and storm water runoff pollution.; Intervention_area_ha: 1205; Data_Sources: Received shapefiles with point data for grant recipients as of August 2013 from WI DNR, Bureau of Water Quality, Water Evaluation Section.; Mapping_Rationale: Project areas 2007-2012. Because the data were points, we buffered 500m around the point and included parcels within that buffer as the approximate area of intervention.
DNR Lake Management Planning Grant Program - Large and Small Scale Lakes Recipients: Intervention_Category: Incentive ; Intervention_Subcategory: government project support; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State, County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat. Ch. 281, NR 190; Short_Intervention_Description: Funding for qualifying local governments and tribes to collect and analyze information needed to protect and restore lakes and their watersheds.; Intervention_area_ha: 1205; Data_Sources: Received shapefiles with point data for grant recipients as of August 2013 from WI DNR, Bureau of Water Quality, Water Evaluation Section.; Mapping_Rationale: Project areas 2007-2012. Because the data were points, we buffered 500m around the point and included parcels within that buffer as the area of intervention.
DNR River Protection Planning & River Protection Management Grant Program Recipients: Intervention_Category: Incentive ; Intervention_Subcategory: government and non-governmental project support; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State, County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat. Ch. 281, NR 195; Short_Intervention_Description: Grants assist in the formation of or strengthening a qualified river management organization; protection or improvement of rivers; river improvement education projects; assessments and plan development. ; Intervention_area_ha: 1205; Data_Sources: Received shapefiles with point data for grant recipients as of August 2013 from WI DNR, Bureau of Water Quality, Water Evaluation Section.; Mapping_Rationale: Project areas 2007-2012. Because the data were points, we buffered 500m around the point and included parcels within that buffer as the area of intervention.
DNR Lake Classification Grant Program Recipients: Intervention_Category: Incentive ; Intervention_Subcategory: government project support; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State, County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: WI Stat. Ch. 281, NR 191; Short_Intervention_Description: Grant purpose to help develop and implement local land and water management programs targeted to specific lakes in response to development and recreational use pressures. Grants meant to improve or protect water quality, implement protection activities and implement the lake management plan.; Intervention_area_ha: 1205; Data_Sources: Received shapefiles with point data for grant recipients as of August 2013 from WI DNR, Bureau of Water Quality, Water Evaluation Section.; Mapping_Rationale: Project areas 2007-2012. Because the data were points, we buffered 500m around the point and included parcels within that buffer as the area of intervention.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: general land use; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 3; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal, State, County, Municipal; Implementing_Agency_Level: Federal, State, County, Municipal; Promulgating_Policies: CWA Sec. 404; WI Ch. 281 and NR 299, NR 103, NR 115; Dane Co. Ch. 11; Short_Intervention_Description: Federal, State, and local jurisdictions prevent filling/degradation of wetlands through several avenues, including the Clean Water Act, State wetland regulations, and wetland zoning.; Intervention_area_ha: 10361.18; Data_Sources: WI DNR Wetlands Inventory as of 2010.; Mapping_Rationale: WI Wetland Index (2010) wetlands.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: wastewater; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal, State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State; Promulgating_Policies: 33 U.S.C. Section 1342; 40 C.F.R. PART 122 (USEPA Administered Permit Programs)(122.23 NPDES CAFOs); part 123 (State Program Requirements); WI Stat. 281, 283; NR 216; Short_Intervention_Description: The Clean Water Act and Wisconin Code Ch. NR 216 regulates point source discharges of pollutants to waters of the state through the Wisconsin Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (WPDES) program. Here, industrial permittees.; Intervention_area_ha: 565.4207; Data_Sources: WI DNR WPDES website: http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/wastewater/permits.html; accessed August 2012.; Mapping_Rationale: Parcel of industrial permittees.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: wastewater; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal, State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State; Promulgating_Policies: 33 U.S.C. Section 1342; 40 C.F.R. PART 122 (USEPA Administered Permit Programs)(122.23 NPDES CAFOs); part 123 (State Program Requirements); WI Stat. 281, 283; NR 216; Short_Intervention_Description: The Clean Water Act and Wisconin Code Ch. NR 216 regulates point source discharges of pollutants to waters of the state through the Wisconsin Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (WPDES) program. Here, municipal permittees.; Intervention_area_ha: 24405.55; Data_Sources: WI DNR WPDES website: http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/wastewater/permits.html; accessed August 2012.; Mapping_Rationale: Municipal boundaries. Boundaries from ESRI City Boundaries data.
Intervention_Category: Regulation/Standard; Intervention_Subcategory: wastewater; Ag1_NonAg2_Both3: 2; Rulemaking_Agenc_.Level: Federal, State; Implementing_Agency_Level: State; Promulgating_Policies: 33 U.S.C. Section 1342; 40 C.F.R. PART 122 (USEPA Administered Permit Programs)(122.23 NPDES CAFOs); part 123 (State Program Requirements); WI Stat. 281, 283; NR 216; Short_Intervention_Description: The Clean Water Act and Wisconin Code Ch. NR 110 regulates point source discharges of pollutants to waters of the state through the Wisconsin Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (WPDES) program. Here, municipal wastewater treatment facility permittees.; Intervention_area_ha: 24565.8; Data_Sources: WI DNR WPDES website: http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/wastewater/permits.html; accessed August 2012.; Mapping_Rationale: Parcel of municipal wastewater treatment facility permittees.