US Long-Term Ecological Research Network
North Temperate Lakes LTER: Phytoplankton - Trout Lake Area 1984 - current


Phytoplankton samples from the seven northern Wisconsin LTER lakes in the Trout Lake area (Allequash, Big Muskellunge, Crystal, Sparkling, and Trout lakes and bog lakes 27-02 [Crystal Bog], and 12-15 [Trout Bog]) are collected six times per year at the deep hole sampling station at the same time as our other limnological sampling is conducted. We use a peristaltic pump and tubing, collecting a separate sample from the epilimnion, metalimnion and hypolimnion for most of the lakes. For 27-2 Bog Lake, which is only 2m deep, we collect one 0-2m composite sample. The samples are preserved with Lugols iodine solution. We create a single hypsometrically pooled composite sample per lake from subsamples of the strata samples. The pooled samples are sent to PhycoTech, Inc., a private lab specializing in phytoplankton analysis, to be made into permanent slide mounts. The slide mounts, 3 slides per sample, are archived at the University of Wisconsin - Madison Zoology Museum Phytoplankton are identified to species using an inverted microscope (Utermohl technique) and are reported as natural unit (i.e., colonies, filaments, or single cells) densities per mL, cell densities per mL, and algal biovolume densities per mL. Multiple entries for the same species on the same date may be due to different variants or vegetative states - (e.g., colonial or attached vs. free cell.) Biovolumes for individual cells of each species are determined during the counting procedure by obtaining cell measurements needed to calculate volumes for geometric solids (e.g., cylinders, spheres, truncated cones) corresponding to actual cell shapes. Biovolume concentrations are then computed by mulitplying the average cell biovolume by the cell densities in the water sample. Note that one million cubicMicrometers of biovolume PerMilliliter of water are equal to a biovolume concentration of one cubicMillimeterPerMilliliter. Assuming a cell density equal to water, a cubicMillimeterPerMilliliter of biovolume converts to a biomass concentration of one milligramPerLiter. Sampling Frequency: 6 samples per year Number of sites: 7
Dataset ID

Data Citation Suggestion

Center for Limnology and NTL LTER. 2013. North Temperate Lakes LTER: Phytoplankton - Trout Lake Area 1984 - current ver 3. Environmental Data Initiative. Accessed 2021-06-13.

Data Download

North Temperate Lakes LTER: Phytoplankton - Trout Lake Area