US Long-Term Ecological Research Network

Changing Lake Variables

The overarching theme of this research is to determine how lake variables (e.g. ice cover, thermal structure, water level) have changed during the past century, and how they may continue to change under a changing climate. Currently, I am focusing on one dimensional and three dimensional hydrodynamic modeling of the NTL-LTER study lakes. Development of hydrodynamic models allows for understanding of lake dynamics that cannot be captured by field measurements, and also provides the ability to predict how changes in external ...

North Temperate Lakes LTER: Ice Duration - Madison Lakes Area 1853 - current

Data include dates of freeze-up, thaw, and ice duration of three primary lakes in the Madison area (Lake Mendota, Lake Monona, and Lake Wingra). Data are obtained from the State Climatologist. For Monona and Wingra, the freeze date (ice on) is defined as the first date on which the water body is observed to be completely ice covered, and the breakup date (ice off) is the date of the last breakup observed before the open water phase. Ice duration is the number of days that a water body is completely covered with ice and excludes any period during which the lake thawed in mid-winter before freezing again. For Mendota, duration is calculated in the same manner, but ice on and ice off dates are assigned as follows: The lake is deemed frozen if it has solid ice from Picnic Point to Maple Bluff and total ice cover is greater than 50 %. The lake is deemed open if it is ice-free from Picnic Point to Maple Bluff and total ice cover is less than 50%. Sampling Frequency: annually. Number of sites: 3.
Dataset ID
Date Range
LTER Keywords
Metadata Provider
Methods are described in abstract.
Short Name
Version Number
Subscribe to ice duration