North Temperate Lakes LTER Estimated winter inputs of stream water and groundwater to primary study lakes 1983 - 2014
This data set integrates and summarizes daily surface and groundwater inputs to 5 primary study lakes, using model estimates from a data-driven USGS hydrologic model (Hunt et al. 2013; Hunt and Walker 2017), and ice phenology data (number of days since ice-on). The lakes are Allequash, Big Muskellunge, Crystal, Sparkling, and Trout. Powers et al. (2017) used these data to estimate upper and lower bounds for exogenous chemical inputs to the lakes during winter. For a given lake and winter year, cumulative surface water and groundwater inputs were calculated across the ice cover period. For each lake, this data set reports the mean, maximum, and minimum winter water inputs observed across years, in units of water volume, % of average lake volume, and volume per winter day.Sampling Frequency: 1 per lake, with multiple summary values reported (i.e., mean, min, max). Number of sites: 5Hunt, R.J. et al., 2013. Simulation of Climate - Change effects on streamflow, Lake water budgets, and stream temperature using GSFLOW and SNTEMP, Trout Lake Watershed, Wisconsin. USGS Scientific Investigations Report., pp.2013-5159. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258363719_Simulation_of_Climate-Change_Effects_on_Streamflow_Lake_Water_Budgets_and_Stream_Temperature_Using_GSFLOW_and_SNTEMP_Trout_Lake_Watershed_WisconsinHunt, R.J., and Walker, J.F., 2017, GSFLOW groundwater-surface water model 2016 update for the Trout Lake Watershed, Wisconsin: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7M32SZ2Powers SM, Labou SG, Baulch HM, Hunt RJ, Lottig NR, Hampton SE, Stanley EH. In press (expected 2017). Ice duration drives winter nitrate accumulation in north temperate lakes. Limnology and Oceanography Letters.
Data Citation SuggestionPowers, S. 2022. North Temperate Lakes LTER Estimated winter inputs of stream water and groundwater to primary study lakes 1982 - 2014 ver 5. Environmental Data Initiative. https://doi.org/10.6073/pasta/2317243322708783cdf04239eae66a1d. Accessed 2023-03-26.
integrated and summarized daily surface and groundwater inputs to primary study lakes, using model estimates from a data-driven USGS hydrologic model (Hunt et al. in preparation), and ice phenology data (number of days since ice-on)