Understanding the conditions that enable or constrain success in environmental governance is crucial for developing effective interventions and adapting approaches. Efforts to achieve and assess success in environmental quality improvement are often impeded by changes in conditions that drive outcomes but lie outside the scope of intervention and monitoring. Through historical trend analysis, GIS mapping, and policy analyses of the Yahara River watershed (YRW; the watershed for NTL study lakes Mendota, Monona, and Wingra), we documented how long-term changes in land use, agriculture, and climate act as non-stationary drivers of change that combine to render water quality management interventions less effective and increasingly difficult to assess.
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Cooperative Agreement #DEB-0822700, NTL LTER. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.